TJU Syllabus for Aesthetics
1. Course Description
Aesthetics is an optional course for all major students and a professional fundamental course for Chinese language and literature students. In today's world, material civilization and spiritual civilization has highly developed. Humans are eager to advocate, to pursue and to create beauty everyday. Lacking of understanding or pursuing beauty is not a perfect life. Therefore, aesthetic education has become an indispensable part for life completion. The purpose and mission of Aesthetics is to require students to understand the nature of beauty and demarcate transformation rules, and to improve the ability of understanding beauty and creating beauty.
Teaching basic requirements (students are required to understand and grasp the following content)
Ⅰ. Understand the beauty and ugliness, the good and the evil of the four basic meaning, and know the dialectical relations between each other. Grasp the nature of beauty, the basic law, the basic contradiction, the content and the form etc.
Ⅱ. Understand the nature of the human emotions, generating process, the 632 kinds of emotion form; learn methods to control ourselves emotion; ensure that we shall improve our abilities of aesthetic appreciation.
Ⅲ. Master the process and the method to create beauty, and learn the important Marxism theoretical research method ─ ─dialectical thinking.
SectionⅠ The concept of "Beauty relationship"
ⅰThe subject of beauty: The subject of beauty is individual, the main body of the comfortable existence, comfortable content and qualitative and comfortable, concreteness existing convertible sex and can determine the subject at ease sexual, the nature of existence and level.
ⅱ The object concept: the opposition and the unity of the "thing" and "process", the beauty of the object, concreteness and the static and dynamic, and pure realism and social utility, the duality of material and utility, the environment and the background.
ⅲ "Beautiful relationship" concept: it is a society as a whole, it is the social practice relationship, it is the social utility relationship, it is the unity of creation and ethical distribution process, and it is the unity of the real process and the historical process.
SectionⅡ "Beauty itself"
ⅰ. "Beauty itself" and "Ugly itself" is the utility history margin.
ⅱ.Absolute beauty and absolute ugliness, relative beauty and relative ugliness
ⅲ. The Interdependence of beauty and ugliness, good and evil
The third quarter beautiful fundamental questions:
SectionⅢ Basic questions in beauty
ⅰ.What is the "basic questions"?
ⅱ. The logical existence form and historical existence form of "basic questions"
ⅲ.The relationship between the logical questions and the historical questions
SectionⅣ The basic contradiction of Beauty
ⅰ.What is the "basic contradiction"
ⅱ. The basic logical contradiction and basic historical contradictions
ⅲ. The unity of logic rules and history rules
ⅳ.The conversion of logic contradiction and history contradiction
SectionⅤ Basic rules of beauty
ⅰ. What is "basic rules"?
ⅱ. The basic logic rules (the law of absolute beauty and absolute ugliness) and the basic history rules (the law of the conversion between beauty and ugliness of the object)
ⅲ.The unity of logic rules and the history rules
SectionⅥ The content and form of beauty
ⅰ.The content and the form of the range is the relationship of generation. The nature of beauty as one content, a total of 6 kinds of internal and external relations
ⅱ.Content, form, and content of the form the dialectical relations.
ⅲ. Logic content and logical form and content and the history of historical form respectively and transformation
SectionⅦ Indirect in space
ⅰ. What is the time and space: the total space (abstract space), specific space, the total time and specific time (standard time).
ⅱ.Double time, space exist contradiction of distance, natural material existence and the contradiction between the existing social utility.
ⅲ.Each person's reality exists, empty is specific and specific.
SectionⅠ Aesthetic relationship
ⅰ. Aesthetic relationship is the relationship between "know" and "feel".
ⅱ. The subjective aesthetic subject to know the objective object is "aesthetic object and aesthetic subject of natural material and between social utility dual existence relations", not just the "aesthetic object".
ⅲ. Aesthetic ability is natural existing material nature and level, the social utility existing properties and level and the nature and level of consciousness is unified.
SectionⅡ Aesthetic understanding process and aesthetic feeling process
ⅰ. Understanding process: perception and object and image, sensation and analogy convicted, intellectual judgment and natural object, intellectual judgment and social images and moral judgment and good, and aesthetic judgment and beauty.
ⅱ. The feeling process: object feeling process and individual ethics feeling process, natural object feeling process and natural emotion, social object feeling process and social mood, moral feeling process and moral feelings, aesthetic feeling and aesthetic feeling process.
SectionⅢ Aesthetic symbol, aesthetic consciousness, image of the world
ⅰ.The process of knowledge, aesthetic feeling, meaning, material symbols and art symbols, aesthetic symbol and culture and spiritual life in the process of the content, process and the aesthetic object the unity of opposites in education process
ⅱ. "Aesthetic consciousness" concept: psychological time, space, aesthetics, culture, real constraints.
ⅲ. Figure world and emotional world: image three "quality", moral image and aesthetic image, image of the "move" and "static", the spirit of the image, meaning, "image" and "state".
SectionⅣ The concept of individual emotion
ⅰ.The essence of the emotion: emotional is a purely practical psychological process, emotional world, two emotional polarities.
ⅱ.The six hundred and thirty-two kinds of emotion form.
Section Ⅴ The content and form of emotion
ⅰ.The content and the form of an individual's feelings: an individual's feelings, the content of the logical logic content diversity, emotional history content and form.
ⅱ.Emotion and will the contradiction and emotional and change rules
ⅲ.Individual emotional logic contradiction and historical contradictions: the individual emotional logic contradiction, individual emotions and the contradiction between individual will, individual emotional and social emotional conflicts, and individual emotions and social contradiction will.
ⅳ. An individual's feelings "law": the individual emotional logic rule and an individual's feelings, an individual's feelings historical law "4 d, empty logic".
Section Ⅵ The reaction of the aesthetic consciousness
ⅰ.What is the scope of the reaction?
ⅱ. The reaction of the image (know) and emotional reaction (empathy)
ⅲ.History relations in the reaction: the unity of the subjective and objective
SectionⅠ Creation relations and creating method
ⅰ. Creating relationships: double subject and object, physical creation, art creation.
ⅱ. Create the means: creating the concept, material method logic creation and history to create, utilitarian logic creation and history to create, create method, the method of creating content and historical logic content, create the historic method.
SectionⅡ Creative thinking (image thinking)
ⅰ. Create for himself, in the ideal
ⅱ.The third person: the object of utilitarian thinking, thinking, with typical structure.
Section Ⅲ The process of creation
ⅰ. The realization "ideal" in reality process: the creative process, historical logic process to create, rich ideal nature of reality.
ⅱ.The individual creativity: double indicator; Individual create good and evil, beauty and ugliness.
Section Ⅳ Drama
ⅰ. Drama is the social ethics category.
ⅱ. Classification: drama from the utility content and utility in terms of two forms. ⅲ. Drama is double time, space of the unity of opposites.
Section ⅤThe whole Aesthetics system: The logic ends return to the logic starting point
ⅰ. Return to the starting point: complete the logic of the whole.
ⅱ.The realization of the historical process
ⅲ. The unity of history and logic: the individual in the mutual creation realizes oneself from low level to high level continuous process of development.
4. Time Distribution
6. Text-Book & Additional
Meng Xiantang, The logic philosophy of beauty, Baihua literature and art press，1993.